Martian Surface Habitat
Habitat Floor Plans
Our Martian Surface Habitat (SHAB) uses a hybrid architecture comprised of three elements:
The Exterior Dome (ED) - a freestanding dome 3D printed from in-situ materials in the area surrounding the habitable living space modules.
The Central Module (CM) - a rigid, cylinder-like structure inserted partially through the printing process that serves as the habitat’s central core.
The Living Space Module (LSM) - an inflatable module deployed from the CM to provide a uncontaminated, pressurized living space.
As much is still unknown about the Red Planet, certain precautions must be taken to ensure the astronaut's safety and the integrity of their scientific findings. Our SHAB blends together elements of traditional and additive manufacturing to lower transportation mass, while still providing a habitable living space, uncontaminated by surface materials. The inflatable Living Space Module is housed safely within the CM and only deployed after construction of the regolith Exterior Dome is complete.
Concept of Operations
Ground Floor (Mission Activities)
Total Area: 490 sqft
The inflatable Living Space Module the habitat is divided into two floors:
Ground Floor - distinctly separate areas providing room for the astronaut's specific mission activities.
Top Floor - multifunctional space designed for accomodating the astronaut's daily living activities.
Within the Ground Floor, the Medical Bay is centrally located directly adjacent to the stairs to allow quick patient transfer to living quarters. A window between the Medical Bay and airlock allows inspection of astronauts returning from EVAs, and its proximity to the lab means dual-purpose equipment is easily accessible.
The Top Floor is laid out to optimize open space, with rigid barriers only separating the hygiene/food preparation areas and the sleeping area. The left side houses the crew's private sleeping quarters and recreation areas, while the right side holds the hygiene, food preparation, and eating areas.
A hybrid SHAB model combines the advantages of inflatable space architecture with conventional elements. The inflatable module provides a large internal volume used to maximize habitability, while the rigid Central Module enables pre-integration of utilities and equipment, including the shelter's airlock system. When designing any spacecraft of off-world habitat, maximizing Astronaut Standards of Living are of the utmost importance. Special attention was paid to meeting or exceeding NASA's outlined requirements for astronaut health, safety, and wellbeing.
The SHAB interior was designed to be reminiscent of the astronauts' Earthly dwellings, offering a psychological retreat from the harshness of the Martian environment. The color and material palette uses curved, organic themes to compliment central placement of plants and natural light baffles around the habitat core.
Each astronaut has their own individual bunk and storage area that can be closed off for personal serenity and relaxation. Astronauts also have dedicated areas for "crew bonding". Large areas for group eating and socialization provide ample room for the crew to gather and discuss the activities of the day. The psychological benefits of this design will be realized both in astronaut health, as well as productivity.